The most important the main beehive could be the brood box, where in fact the queen bee lays her eggs. The brood box is the largest single the main hive and contains ten brood frames. Each frame is normally strengthened with thin hardened steel wire, about four strands pulled throughout the frame and stretched tight. This strengthening of the frame is important since the honeycombs with the honey are heavy. To encourage the bees to build honeycombs so your beekeeper can perhaps work more comfortably with the brood frames a bee's wax sheet is positioned hanging down, wedged at the the surface of the frame and supported by the thin hardened steel wire. The worker bees make honeycombs hanging down from the top of every brood frame. The queen bee will lay her eggs in the cells of the honeycombs the worker bees built. The eggs will end up larvae and will soon be fed by the worker bees. This brood box is focused on the queen bee for her to lay eggs and to keep the bee colony alive. The brood box is never robbed. Honey Bees Slot
Other less noticed parts of the brood box would be the entrance slots where in fact the worker bees will enter the beehive and leave to go and collect pollen and nectar. My preference is to create these entrance slots in leading the main brood box at the end, one on the left and one on the right. I make my entrance slots about sixty millimeters lengthwise and the height about ten millimeters. This entrance will easily enable the queen bee to come and go once the swarm splits. The entrances will also be to small for rodents. The purpose for 2 entrances being opposite one another is to permit the bees to fan a circular wind movement keeping the beehive cool in summer. My winters are cold but we do not need snow so the bees simply wax up one other entrance, this restricts the circular movement of air keeping the hive warmer in winter. Leading of the hive also should have a slender landing strip about fifty millimeters wide. This strip will soon be employed for the honey bees to complete their dance, through which the bees communicate the actual distance and location of any new nectar and pollen findings.
On the surface of the brood box we shall stack the supers which are much smaller boxes. A beehive can have several supers stacked one on the surface of the other. The queen bee must be prevented from entering the supers, otherwise she will lay her eggs there, and the purpose of the supers will soon be defeated because they are employed for storing honey. This is done with a queen bee separator grid with spaced openings just big enough to permit the worker bees through and is positioned on the surface of the brood box, the initial super is positioned on the surface of the queen bee separator grid. You only need one separator grid and any additional super is positioned on the surface of the first super. On the surface of the last super there must be a ply wood cover by having an oval hole in the centre for ventilation and steering clear of the bees building honeycombs on the lid of the hive. The lid covers the complete hive over lapping the hive on all sides to safeguard the hive from rain and snow. The lid would have to be overlaid with a smooth aluminium cover. In the snow fall areas the lid will need ventilation holes on opposite sides to stop the condensation due to the heat created by the honey bees clustering to keep warm. Honey Bees Bingo
The entire beehive is interconnected and each part has a specific purpose, no parts should really be left out of the hive. Every part in the hive has a function and is employed to simply help the bees make honey for the beekeeper. The aforementioned hive is made in such away that the bees will not just have not a problem in doing what come naturally for them, making honey, but could make the management of the hive so much easier for the beekeeper.